Soccer Kick paper

Soccer Kick paper - 1)

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1) http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1600-0838.2005.00447.x/full Effects of combined strength and kick coordination training on soccer kick biomechanics in amateur players E. Manolopoulos, C. Papadopoulos, E. Kellis Article first published online: 2 MAR 2005 Issue Volume 16 , Issue 2 , pages 102–110 , April 2006 The target of this study was to examine the effect of a soccer (strength and technique) training program on kinematics and electromyographic (EMG) muscle activity during a instep kick. Ten amateur soccer players (aged 19.9±0.4 years, body mass 74.8±9.1 kg, height 177.4±6.7 cm) constituted the experimental group (EG) whereas 10 players (age 21.6±1.3 years, weight 71.5±6.7 kg, height 175.2±3.4 cm) served as controls (CG). The EG followed a 10-week soccer-specific training program combining strength and technique exercises. All participants performed an instep soccer kick using a two-step approach while three-dimensional data and EMG from six muscles of swinging and support legs were recorded prior to and after training. Maximum isometric leg press strength, 10-m sprint performance and maximum speed performance on a bicycle ergometer were also measured. Analysis of variance designs with repeated measures showed that the EG improved significantly ( P <0.05) maximum ball speed, the linear velocity of the foot, ankle and angular velocity of all joints during the final phase of the kick. Training had insignificant effects on EMG values, apart from an increase in the averaged EMG of the vastus medialis whereas maximum isometric strength and sprint times significantly improved after training ( P <0.05). The present results suggest that the application of the training programs using soccer-specific strength exercises would be particularly effective in improving of soccer kick performance. Modern soccer requires a high level of physical conditioning throughout a competitive season. Therefore, one of the most important aims of training programs in the preparation (pre-season) period is to improve soccer-specific strength. Soccer-specific strength is a concept which is extensively used in training practice and can be defined as the ability of a soccer player to use muscle strength and power effectively and consistently within a game and a whole season ( Bangsbo, 1994 ). During a soccer game, each player performs several dynamic movements (headers, cutting, tackling, sprints, kicks) which require a very good level of muscle strength, power and endurance ( Cabri et al., 1988; Bangsbo, 1994 ). Strength in its various forms (maximum and explosive strength, rate of force development) plays a critical role on performance of such skills ( Cabri et al., 1988 ). Soccer practice suggests that a soccer player needs to develop a level of maximum strength and power, which is utilized effectively within the game ( Buhrle, 1985 ). The instep kick constitutes a basic element of a soccer game. It is multijoint activity which depends on various
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This note was uploaded on 02/16/2012 for the course KNH 402 taught by Professor Winn during the Fall '10 term at Miami University.

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Soccer Kick paper - 1)

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