HST111 Lecture Notes 11:15

HST111 Lecture Notes 11:15 - Nicolas Canel HST111 11/15/10...

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Nicolas Canel HST111 11/15/10 The Scientific Revolution TERMINOLOGY Rene Descartes Nicholas Copernicus Galileo Galilei Claudius Ptolemy 1649 Queen Christian of Sweden 23 at the time, Patron of artists, scholars, scientists Invited Descartes to discuss philosophy and physics as well Painting celebrates the work of Descartes and Christina’s Nicholas Copernicus Revolution in sciences had been initiated by Copernicus 1.The challenge by the religious authority brought by the reformation 2.Thinking thought intellectual challenges and material opportunities brought about the discovery of the new worl Fundamental change by the end of the 17 th century End of the 17 th century we have an image of an orderly society appealing to human reason Relpaced the medieval world view of a closed universe Claudius Ptolemy Everyone subscribed to his work (MEDIVAL VIEW) Copernicus Revolution of the Heavenly Spheres Proposed that the sun was the center of the universe Widely circulated but not accepted Mathematics of his theory were so complex no one could understand it until the 17 th century Johannes Kepler German Confirmed the sun as the center of the universe Planets had elliptical orbits and moved according to a series of physical laws Not widely accepted Galileo Galilei Spoke and wrote in a way that appealed to the educated audience Galileo telescope-Observations
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He may have had many supporters, but not the support of the important Papacy (Pope Urban the VIII)
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HST111 Lecture Notes 11:15 - Nicolas Canel HST111 11/15/10...

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