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PPT_Fascism11bb - squadrismo squadrismo squadrismo March on...

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 Fascist Italy  Fascist Italy Main argument: Fascism was a new, modern genus of right-wing, nationalist political ideology that subordinated individual rights to the state. Unlike traditional authoritarian regimes, Fascism sought to mobilize the masses and to revolutionize society, striving to create a ‘new man’ capable of conquering and ruling an expanding Mediterranean Empire.
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What was Fascism?  Why study it ? Fascist Negations: Anti-liberal Anti-democratic Anti-Marxist Anti-materialist Fascist Beliefs Ultra-nationalism Militarism & glorification  of violence Regeneration of society Creation of ‘new man’
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German National Socialism
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Benito Mussolini (1883-1944) Early career Italian Socialist WWI Postwar Economic Crisis Bienno rosso (Red Two Years) 1918-1920
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Fasci di combattimento (1919) • Squadrismo  (1920) fascio
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squadrismo
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Unformatted text preview: squadrismo squadrismo squadrismo March on Rome (Oct 28, 1922) March on Rome (Oct 28, 1922) March on Rome (Oct 28, 1922) Fascist Seizure of Power, 1922-1926 • “Exceptional Decrees” (Nov 1926) – political police – Special Tribunal – police confinement Manufacturing “Consensus” • Fascist Party (PNF) – “Dopolavoro” (“After work”) • “Cult of the Duce” Radicalization, 1935-40 Foreign Policy – Ethiopia (1935) – Spanish Civil War (1936) – Rome-Berlin Axis (1936) – Albania (1939) – “Pact of Steel” (1939) – WWII (June 1940) Radicalization, 1935-40 Domestic Policy – Autarky – Racial Laws (1938) Was Fascism totalitarian? • Nature of Mussolini’s power • Concordat (1929) • Coercion vs. terror • Fascism Fails: WWII...
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