Gazzaniga 02 - Gazzaniga 2: Research Methodology What is...

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Gazzaniga 2: Research Methodology What is Scientific Inquiry? - Way of finding answers to empirical questions - Four Goals : What happens, predicting when it happens, what causes it, and why - Scientific Method o Theories, hypotheses, research o More confidence in finding if it is capable of being replicated o Theory produces wide variety of hypotheses o Serendipity: Accidental discovery of something important Types of Study in Psych Research - Operational Definitions: Identify and quantify variables - Descriptive Studies: Observational o Naturalistic Observation: Observer is separated from subject o Participant Observation: Observer is involved with subject Hawthorne Effect: Subject modifies own behavior because he is aware of an observer Experimenter Expectancy Effect: Observer is biased and will only observe data that confirms his biases o Longitudinal Studies: Developmental design o Cross-Sectional Studies: Comparing two groups - Correlational Designs and Variable Relations o Correlation Study:
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course PSYCH 111 taught by Professor Schreier during the Fall '08 term at University of Michigan.

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Gazzaniga 02 - Gazzaniga 2: Research Methodology What is...

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