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Gazzaniga 06 - Gazzaniga 6 Learning What is Learning A...

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Gazzaniga 6: Learning What is Learning? - A relatively permanent change in behavior due to experience o Maturation is not learning, it is development o Drugs and injuries are not learning - Behavioral Perspectives o Organism is empty, passive o Association by continuity and effect - Evolutionary Perspective o Learning is predisposed by evolutionary history - Cognitive Perspective o Opposite of behavioral o Learning is acquisition of knowledge Predictable, controllable - Conditioning o Classical (Pavlov) Law of Contiguity: Things occurring in time/space are associated Conditioned Stimulus: Triggers some response at unconditioned stimulus Example: Pavlov’s experiment Unconditioned Stimulus = Meat Salivation Conditioned Stimulus = Bell No Salivation Meat + Bell Salivation As time passes, then Bell alone Salivation Acquisition : When conditioned response is learned Extinguish: When the conditioned response starts to die Spontaneous Recover: When conditioned stimulus is shown, the conditional response is slightly shown once more Generalization: Similar stimuli causes the conditioned response Discrimination: Only certain stimuli cause the conditioned response
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Gazzaniga 06 - Gazzaniga 6 Learning What is Learning A...

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