Gazzaniga 09 - Gazzaniga 9: Motivation and Emotion...

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Gazzaniga 9: Motivation and Emotion Motivation : energize, direct, or sustain behavior. Differ in strength - Need: state of biological and social deficiencies - Need Hierarchy (Maslow) o Self-Actualization: Achievement of personal goals o Esteem: Reputation, self-opinion o Belonging and Love o Safety o Physiological: Hunger, thirst, warmth, etc. - Arousal: Psychological activation (increased brain activity, sweating, etc.) - Drive: Psychological state that motivates (i.e. hunger) - Homeostasis: Bodily functions maintain equilibrium - Set Point: Optimal level (indicator of homestasis - Incentives: External stimuli (i.e. good grades) - Yorkes Dodson Law: Performances increases with arousal until optimal point, then arousal interferes - Pleasure Principle: Seek pleasure, avoid pain (hedonism) - Extrinsic Motivation: emphasizes external goal (i.e. paycheck) - Intrinsic Motivation: Value/Pleasure that comes with activity (i.e. enjoyment) o Extrinsic rewards can undermine intrinsic motivation o Personal Control o Self-Perception Theory: Unaware of specific motives - Goals: Desired outcomes o Best Goal is challenging and specific o Self-Regulation: change behavior to attain goal o Self-Efficacy: Expect your efforts to lead to success o Achievement Motive: Desire to do well relative to standards o Delayed Gratification: o Hot and Cold Cognitive: Imagine desirable into undesirable - Need to Belong Theory:
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course PSYCH 111 taught by Professor Schreier during the Fall '08 term at University of Michigan.

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Gazzaniga 09 - Gazzaniga 9: Motivation and Emotion...

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