Gazzaniga 14 - Gazzaniga 14 Psychopathology: Disorder of...

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Gazzaniga 14 Psychopathology: Disorder of the mind How are Mental Disorders Conceptualized and Classified? - Etiology: Factors that contribute to the development of a disorder - Emil Kraepelin: First researcher to propose a classification system for mental disorders - Multiaxial system: System used in the DSM that provides assessment along five axes describing important mental health factors o Clinical disorders o Mental retardation or personality disorders o Medical conditions o Psychosocial problems o Global or overall assessment of how well the person is functioning - Assessment: Examination of a person’s mental state to diagnose possible disorders - Self report&Observations&Interviews Assessment Diagnosis Treatment < -- > Ongoing assessment - Clinical Interviews : Asking patient about current symptoms and recent experiences o Unstructured : Topics of discussion vary to find different aspects of problem o Structured: Standardized questions asked in same order every time Structured Clinical Interview for DSM : diagnosis made according to DSM - Types of testing: o Studying behavior o Psychological testing o Neuropsychological testing (i.e. copying a picture, tapping fingers rapidly, etc.) - Evidence-based Assessment : Approach to clinical evaluation in which research guides the evaluation of mental disorders, selection of appropriate psych and neuropsych tests, and use of critical thinking in making a diagnosis. - Comobidity : Mental disorders occur together - Dissociative Identity Disorder: (aka multiple personality disorder) - Causes of Mental Disorders o Diathesis-Stress Model : Proposes that a disorder may develop when an underlying vulnerability is coupled with a precipitating event o Biological Fetus: Malnutrition, exposure to toxins, maternal illness Adolescence: Environmental toxins, malnutrition o Psychological Family Systems Model : Individual’s symptoms show problems within family SocioCultural Model : Disorder is result of interaction with environment o Cognitive-Behavior Approach: Disorder is result of learned, maladaptive practices
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o Gender differences for disorders Internalizing: Characterized by negative emotions (distress, fear) Externalizing: Characterized by disinhibition (alcoholism, antisocial) o Cultural and Mental Disorders Culture-Bound Syndromes : Disorders mainly found in specific culture/region Can Anxiety by the Root of Seemingly Different Disorders - 1 in 4 people will have some type of anxiety disorder in their lifetime - Different types of Anxiety o Phobic Specific Phobia: Fear of specific object or situation Social Phobia: (aka social anxiety disorder) fear of being negatively evaluated by others o Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Diffuse state of constant anxiety not associated with any specific object or event o Panic Disorder:
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course PSYCH 111 taught by Professor Schreier during the Fall '08 term at University of Michigan.

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Gazzaniga 14 - Gazzaniga 14 Psychopathology: Disorder of...

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