final paper 1 - Justin Kucera December 9, 2010 Soc 212.009...

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Justin Kucera December 9, 2010 Soc 212.009 Final Paper #1 Association Football Association Football. To many Americans, it means nothing. Many Americans would think it’s just some minor league football league. Perhaps it is an afterthought to the NFL in many minds. What many people would fail to realize is that association football is what is known in the United States as soccer - the sport of the rest of the world. It is a distant fifth sport to our “big four”. However, around the world, association football is the only football. It is the most popular sport, the one that everyone watches, plays, and follows. association football is the predominant language of sports around the world – besides The United States of course. Association Football was created in Great Britain. Just like many other sports that have been covered, the origins of being popular amongst elite prep school kids were no different. The game was introduced in schools as part of Thomas Arnold’s “Muscular Christianity” movement. It was a way to get private school kids and church goers a leisure activity. It was a simple game, with simple rules and no equipment, which is the reason that association football quickly became popular amongst British factory workers. It moved from an upper class elite game to a working class game with standing-room only terraces for spectators (Markovits Lecture). This working class takeover of the game was apparent in the formation of the early clubs in England. Clubs were started by factories, pubs and churches. This brought together the elites and workers of a certain community. It allowed for Markovits’ theory of bridging capital that has, and always will be, a part of sports and society as a whole. The fact that association football was followed and participated in by two very different class of people, the working class and the aristocratic upper class, led to a crucial debate that shaped the origins of association football in England: amateurism vs. professionalism.
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Justin Kucera December 9, 2010 Soc 212.009 Final Paper #1 There were two main points to this argument. The first point was made by the upper class. They wanted to keep the game an amateur game for different reasons. For one, they did not want the opportunity for members of the lower class to achieve a higher social status with the social mobility that professionalization of a sport creates. Obviously, the snooty upper class wanted to remain in their exclusive upper class alone. They did not want to be on the same level as a man who was recently working in a factory and someone who does not come from a wealthy family like themselves. As many pre-modern people who took part in sports, they looked down
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course SOC 212 taught by Professor Markovits during the Fall '10 term at University of Michigan.

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final paper 1 - Justin Kucera December 9, 2010 Soc 212.009...

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