review sheet 1 - Review outline for Exam 1 Psych 250-020...

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Review outline for Exam 1 Psych 250-020 (Monk) Winter 2012 Note: anything in lecture may appear on the exam; only items listed below from the readings will be on the exam. Theory lecture and ch. 1 Six assumptions of the lifespan perspective o Development is lifelong o Development is multidimensional (bio, environment, genes) o Development is multidirectional (joint expression of growth/decline) o Development is plastic (open to change) o Development involves growth and maintenance Including dimensions on which theories differ: o organismic vs. mechanistic; Change stimulated from within vs . change stimulated by enviornment o continuous vs. discontinuous; Gradually adding more vs . stages Freud’s Psychosexual theory; including 3 components of the psyche o Personality is made up of the id (biological needs) the ego (rational, problem solving) and the superego (moral/ethical) Erikson’s Psychosocial theory; aspects of the theory and how it differs from Freud o Covers the lifespan; more emphasis on ego than id. Psychosocial crisis/challenge Erikson’s stages of lifespan development o Learning theories – o Traditional behaviorism, Classical Conditioning (conditioned/unconditioned stimulis) o operant conditioning and Focuses on consequences. Positive/negative reinforcement and punishment o cognitive behaviorism/social learning theory (including self-efficacy) Observational learning (imitation); Confidence to imitate an action Evolutionary psychology Piaget’s theory of cognitive development o Children are naïve, active scientists and stages (Table 1.4) o Information processing theory o Gradual accumulation of knowledge; awareness of how thinking works Vygotsky’s sociocultural cognitive theory o Mental functions grow out of interactions and dialogues Developmental neuroscience perspective o Thoughts/behaviors arise from interactions between genes, bio and enviorn Developmental systems perspective Impact of socio-economic status, culture and gender
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Research methods (Section and pp. 25-31) – terms and concepts Genetics lecture and ch. 2 (pp. 35-39). Terminology and “Putting it all together” (know how the concepts relate to one another)
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course PSYCH 250 taught by Professor Ward during the Winter '08 term at University of Michigan.

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review sheet 1 - Review outline for Exam 1 Psych 250-020...

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