With regards to the wood duck nests, it acted as an ecological trap because the ducks were laying too many eggs in certain nests, therefore decreasing the survival rate of babies significantly. Because the people leading the experiment did not know the behavior of dump-nesting, they put the boxes in the wrong places. They were introduced so quick and too easily accessible. This led to many ducks being able to find the nests and easily laying eggs there. Although it was easier for the ducks to find the nests, not many of the eggs survived because there was almost double the natural amount of eggs in some nests. With regard to the wallaby reintroduction, it was an ecological trap because they were living with no fear of predators. Although this is easier for the wallabies on the surface, it can actually decrease their fitness because with no training on predator avoidance it can increase their challenge of facing nature and all the hardships that come with it. There are many ramifications of PES. For one, the actual cost of paying people in places that
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