Study guide exam 1 Bio 130

Study guide exam 1 Bio 130 - Study guide exam 1 Bio 130...

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Study guide exam 1 Bio 130 This guide outlines some of the most important topics covered by exam 1. In general, focus on the lecture and discussion material. Discussion What is science? The scientific method/hypothesis testing using hypotheses and predictions Evolution vs intelligent design. Major arguments of each group. The skittles evolution game. How were the 3 requirements for evolution via natural selection fulfilled by the game? Lecture Natural selection How it works Random mutations lead to non random selection 3 components required for evolution via natural selection Variation, heritability, reproduction must vary based on the trait The logical structure of Darwin’s hypothesis COMPETITION, VARIATION, PARENT TO OFFSPRING, DIFFERENTIAL REPRODUCTION Evolution What is it? Gene frequency change in a population Major causes of evolution natural selection, genetic drift, MIGRATION, MUTATION Evidence of evolution biogeography, contemporary evolution, fossil record, COMPARATIVE ANATOMY What is an adaptation? How do you test if a behavior is adaptive? a trait that results in higher fitness. Test the trait for fitness, red vs yellow finches Understand list of things that Darwinism does and doesn’t involve. does involve: inevitable, a lifelong cost/benefit analysis decicions to maximize reproduction. Doesn’t: survival of the fittest (reproduction yes) social code, biological perfection (throat) or a chain that puts humans at top What is group selection? “animals doing things for the good of the group” it doesn’t work because one will cheat, passing the trait along to its offspring and eventually it will dominate Why doesn’t group selection work? Levels of analysis
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course BIO 130 taught by Professor Nesmith during the Fall '07 term at University of Michigan.

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Study guide exam 1 Bio 130 - Study guide exam 1 Bio 130...

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