Criminology review.docx - Criminology review In preparation...

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Criminology review 09/11/2020 ° ° In preparation for the multiple choice portion of the first midterm, you should be able to ° ° 1. Identify the various reasons for measuring crime .
° ° 2. Identify the different methods criminologists use to collect data along with their respective pros and cons ,
Wallerton & wyle survey of 1698 men: 80% reported committing at least 1 serious offense that would require a maximum sentence of at least one year More than 50% reported a history of crimes , including reckless driving, DWI, gambling, fraud and tax evasion Experiments o An investigator introduces a change into a process and makes measurements or observations in order to evaluate the effects of the change. o Can occur in a lab or in the field Example: “Scared Straight” study Observation o The researcher observes the group being studie d but is not a participant in the activities. o Used to study Criminals Prisoners Prosecutors police officers Participant observation o The researcher may join and participate in the activities of the group being studied o Used to study criminals, prisoners, prosecutors, or police officers
Case studies o Is an analysis of all pertinent aspects of one unit of study, such as an individual, an institution, a group, or a community o Sources of information may be life histories, biographies, diaries, journals, letters, and other records Official data o UCR Uniform Crime Report FBI Part 1 &2 offenses (4 property/ 4 personal) Calculated by dividing # of reported crimes/ number of people in U.S. Cons: Does not include federal offenses or white collar crimes Police discretion on reporting a crime o NCVS National Crime-victimization survey Pros Bureau of Justice Statistics Includes crimes not reported to police Purpose: determine why crimes go un- reported Interview witnesses and victims about experiences
Cons: May not be accurate (memory bias) Report is voluntary o NIBRS National Incident Based Report System FBI 22 categories to address UCR errors ° ° 3. Understand the official sources of data like the UCR, NCVS : how the data is collected, what information is collected, what are their pros and cons, how do the differ ° UCR o Published by the

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