Corrections Exam 1 Study Guide: Chapters 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 Why the steady increase in correctional populations when crime rates are on the decline? Felony, misdemeanor, and infraction Clearance rates Three components of the criminal justice system Criminal justice vs. criminal justice system Nolo contendere Institutional v. noninstitutional corrections Mores and folkways What is a profession and what are its characteristics? Core traits essential to effective work in corrections Gender and corrections Spierenburg's degrees of severity for physical and public punishments Flogging and branding Hooks and cording Transportation and hulks William Penn and John Howard Sir Samuel Romilly and Sir Robert Peel What is hedonistic calculus and what are its four assumptions? Social order Correctional econometrics Model of sentencing: what is this and what are the different models of sentencing? First four states to adopt presumptive sentencing guidelines How many dates of credit can federal inmates earn each year for good behavior? Apprendi v. New Jersey
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