15 jan 2010 molbio

15 jan 2010 molbio - Mol bio lecture notes 15 January 2010...

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Mol bio lecture notes 15 January 2010 Genetic material is located on chromosomes The “genetic material” is stored mainly in chromosomes Chromosomes are made up of large continuous segments of DNA Genes reside within chromosomes A karyotype is the characteristic chromosome complement of a eukaryotic species. What is the difference between dominant and recessive traits? o If you are dominant, one copy of that allele is enough to portray that trait. What is the law of independent segregation? o Applies to two alleles of the same gene and since each allele is found on a different chromosome, during mitosis and meiosis the two chromosomes are split apart and segregate independently of each other. What is the law of independent assortment? o Relates to genes on different chromosomes. so the maternal copy of one chromosome will not always move with a maternal copy of another chromosome Is each trait governed by a single gene or can multiple genes regulate an individual characteristic? o
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course BIO 1130 taught by Professor Simpson during the Fall '11 term at Texas State.

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15 jan 2010 molbio - Mol bio lecture notes 15 January 2010...

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