CHAPTER 1-4

CHAPTER 1-4 - A myelogram is used to record spinal...

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A “myelogram” is used to record spinal cord/nerve tissue information. Body “x-rays” produce pictures of dense body tissue and bones. A “computerized axial tomography (scan-CAT) ” is a noninvasive roentgenography diagnostic technique. Laser assisted surgery “LASIK” is used to correct myopia (and hyperopia) . A “EKG or ECG” is used to record information about heart electrical activity. The combination form that means “cause of (disease)” is eti/o . The prefix that means “change or after” is meta- . The suffix that means “to control or stop” is –stasis . The medical term that means “the science of or study of body changes caused by disease” is path/o/logy . The combining form onc/o- means tumor . The word part that contains the fundamental meaning of a word is the root word “stem word” . In the medical term “intra/ven/ous”, -ven- is the word root or stem word . The word part attached to the beginning of a word root in order to modify its meaning is called a(n) prefix . In the medical terms “arthr/itis”, -itis is the suffix . The word part attached to the end of a word root in order to modify its meaning is the suffix . The most common combining vowel is ‘o’ . In the divided medical term ‘arthr/o/pathy’, “o” is the combining vowel “used with both the stem word and suffix” . In the divided medical term ‘sub/hepat/ic’, which part is the prefix and which part is the suffix? Sub- and –ic . The combining form of a stem word is usually made of two component parts, the word root and combining vowel . In the divided medical term ‘osteopor/o/sis’, the slash lines (/) indicate that the vowel “o” may be used as part of por- and –osis . The phrase, refers to or pertains to , is a generalized actual meaning (not a literal meaning) used for the suffixes –a, -ia, -iac, -al, -ar, -ic, -is, -on, -os, -us, -ium, and –um. Verb variations of a stem word usually describe action taken, condition, or state . Breaking a compound term into component word parts (usually with its combining vowel or vowels) is called fracturing . What cellular organelle contains chromosomes and has the literal meaning “nut”? nucleus
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course HLTH 354 taught by Professor Bard during the Summer '11 term at Texas A&M.

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CHAPTER 1-4 - A myelogram is used to record spinal...

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