Essay 2 - Jessica Gimbel December 16, 2010 Geography 101/...

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Jessica Gimbel December 16, 2010 Geography 101/ Section 312 Slumdog Solutions India is a country that has survived many wars, epidemics and outbreaks. The population increase over the last half-century, however, has negatively affected to state governments’ ability to maintain stability in the area. Overpopulation has led to slum development that has been difficult to control and eradicate entirely by the government. India’s most densely populated cities are Mumbai, Titagarh, Baranagar and, Seramepor, which all contain over 150,000 people per every 3 square miles of land (Baker, 2010). The growth of slum villages in India’s most overpopulated areas have occurred because India’s government has ineffectively dealt with the crowding of its cities though insufficient funding and improper tactics. This paper will prove this argument by exemplifying how core countries were able to steer clear of slum development during an influx of immigration or a time of high birth rates and low death rates during the demographic transition. First the paper will compare Mumbai, India’s most slum popular city, with a core global city, Chicago. The essay will discover how Chicago managed to “work” as a city instead of allowing for overpopulation and slums to take over. The paper will then go on to discuss India’s solutions to slum development in its most densely populated areas as a way relieving slum life and bettering the lives of Indians across the country. Finally, the essay will investigate how India’s solutions compare to core country’s solutions to eliminate overpopulation and slum development. Global cities such as New York City, London, or
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Tokyo do not follow the same patterns that peripheral cities in countries such as India or Pakistan follow because of governmental control and regulation. This essay will interpret these differences and make meaning of India’s slum development as well as its partial attempt for reconstruction in the past couple of decades. Core countries have exemplified proper methods of handling rapid population growth. An example of the kind of city lies in Chicago, Illinois. Chicago started as an idea to initiate urbanization in the beginning of the 20 th century. Industrialization fueled by a booming economy in the 1920s put Chicago at the heart of Illinois as well as at the center of the Midwest of the United States. Skyscrapers were erected while intercontinental railways transported thousands of people into the city every day. People move to cities for similar reasons in core and peripheral nations. Migrants want jobs, more opportunity for success or for a better standard of living for their families and for future generations. In core cities like Chicago, opportunity for success is greater because resources are better distributed and job openings are more fruitful in a central business district than in a rural farmland (Baker 2010). The increase of skilled labor that occurred with the turn of the century coupled with the mass amount of development in the
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Essay 2 - Jessica Gimbel December 16, 2010 Geography 101/...

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