Lecture 23 - 03:31 PlantBiotechnology

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03:31 Plant Biotechnology Any industrial applications or advances applied to plants  GMO = genetically modified organism This generally means the transfer of genes via non-traditional breeding techniques  Organic label – less than 100% organic (cant but fully inorganic) Rationale for GMO Increase crop yield Improve weed management Reduce insecticides Enhance nutrition Better quality Reduce hunger Economics  NOT increase diversity  Who Grows? Countries producing GMOs: US: Canola, corn, cotton, papaya, soybean (more than 95%) Argentina: Soybean, corn, cotton
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Canada: Corn, soybean, cotton, canola China: Corn, cotton, soybean Australia: Canola  Plant Biotechnology – process Selection of plants Some easy than others Introduction of trait to plant Traditional breeding Modern corn   SLIDES Direct gene transfer – transgenic plants  Microinjection Inject DNA directly into single cell  Must be able to grow plant with only single cell  Electroporation Electronically shock plant, takes up foreign DNA and integrates it into its cells  Only works on some plants Particle Bombardment ?
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course HORTI 120 taught by Professor Paterson during the Fall '11 term at University of Wisconsin.

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Lecture 23 - 03:31 PlantBiotechnology

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