Lecture notes - Lecture10/510/7 11:02:00 10/5:...

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Lecture 10/5-10/7 05/10/2010 11:02:00 10/5 : Exam Room Assignments   Humanities 1121  The final social theory… Feminism   gender issues in IR Difference feminism Liberal feminism Post-modern feminism I. Difference Feminism   men and women are fundamentally different  Real differences exist between men and women. Women have different skill sets. o Ex. Nurturing = conflict resolution o Ex. More social interactions = better group decision making Hypothesis: if more women were in IR there would be different outcomes,  such as more cooperation  II. Liberal Feminism No real social difference between women and men Women are excluded from leadership, which is bad. More women must  emerge in IR since… Hypothesis: Women would behave similar to men in positions of power III. Post-modern Feminism  Similar to difference feminists: there are important differences between men  and women. Differs in belief that those differences are fixed they change over time  because the are all socially constructed Ex: Margaret Thatcher – leader of great power  Ex: Golda Mier –foreign minister of Israel, soon after became prime minister,  involved in war and behaved no differently that any other leader  IV. Issues #1: Public Opinion and War Gender gap: nearly  all  public opinion polls find gaps between women and  men in their support for waging war. 
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o Aug 39: go to war against germany M:19% W:12% o 11/40: Take stronger measures against Japan M:56% W:42% o 10/60: Tougher policy toward Russia M: 60% W: 46% o 10/61: fight all-out nuclear war rather than live under 4/75 rule M:87%  W:75% o 4/68: Set up more effort in Vietnam M: 50% W:32% o 4/75: wars necessary to  settle differences between nations M:55%  W:38% Gender Gap Gap continues today: o Jan. 1991: War in Iraq? M:   60%     W:  45% o Nov. 2001: War in Iraq? M:   80%  W:  68% o Oct. 2002: War in Iraq? M:   58%   W: 50% o Spring 2009: Support troop surge in Afghanistan? M:    49%   W: 36% Is the gender gap evidence that women are more peaceful? V. Issue #2: Women in Combat Today, women make up 20% of US military o Increasingly active in forward positions: convoy protection, policing  operations o Increasing numbers of officers are women (around 13% of majors  through higher ranks) Historically why have women not played a more active role in combat?
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