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Unformatted text preview: Textbook Notes 13/10/2010 21:25:00 Pages 153-160 The Wars of the World Types of war Hegemonic Wars: war over control of the world order (rules of the international system as a whole including the role of world hegemony o Also known as world war, global war, general war, or systematic war Last hegemonic war was WWII because of modern weaponry (kind of war that cant go on without destroyi ng civilization Total War: warfare by one state waged to conquer and occupy another o Goal = reach the capital city and force the surrender of the government o Began with massive and destructive Napoleonic wars (end 17 th century to 1715) because the French national economy supported war and worked for the war effort Total war evolved with industrialization which integrated all of society and economy into the practice of war Last total war was WWII Limited War: includes military actions carried out to gain some objective short of the surrender and occupation of the enemy o Ex: raids, destruction is limited and they occur quickly Civil War: war between factions within a state trying to create of prevent a new government for the entire state or some territorial part of it o Ex: US civil war of 1860s Guerrilla War: includes certain kinds of civil wars, is warfare without front lines o Point is to harass and punish enemy army, not necessarily confront it o Ex: US military forces in south Vietnam fought against Vietcong guerrillas in 1960s (Vietnam War) Policy makers have recently started to pay more attention to the difficult transitions from war to peace Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration (DDR) deals with common problem of what to do with irregular forces after civil wars Security Sector Reform (SSR) deals with creating professional military and police forces instead of warlord militias Truth Commissions: used to help society heal and move forward after a war of dehumanization and atrocities Causes of War Conflict: a difference in preferred outcomes in a bargaining situation o Ex: assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in 1914 cause WWI or WWI caused by shifts in the balance of power among European states Use levels of analysis to organize theories of why wars start The Individual level: Theories about war center on rationality Rational decisions made my leaders The Domestic Level: Looks at characteristics of states or societies that would make them more or less prone to use violence in resolving conflicts o Ex: cold war Marxists believe capitalists more prone to use violence...
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course POLI SCI 103 taught by Professor Pevehouse during the Spring '08 term at University of Wisconsin.
- Spring '08