Lecture 3 - 03:34 Review Christianrevolution :changes 1....

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03:34 Review Christianity and the early European family  Stable characteristics of the European family  Dramatic changes to how families are organized and constituted  Christian revolution  Church regulations of middle ages:   changes  1. Invention of new type of kinship Godkin  2. Broadening of rules for marriage forbade people from marrying close kin (up to 6 th  cousin) 3. Discouraged divorce and forbade remarriage (including women who were widowed)  4. Forbids Adoption become children of purgery  Limiting strategies of heirship Where transfers of wealth happen  Some consequences Church grew wealthy very quickly Became a state church (national unity) Constantine converts to Christianity – HRE  Take care of poor (widows and widowers who couldn’t remarry – and were  childless/heirless) 
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Society becomes monastic – places for widows/widowers to live  Rest of town decays   Transfer of wealth from an urban way of life to a life in a monastery (clergy becomes  more powerful than aristocrats) Protestant Reformation (1500+) – decline of Catholicism  Loosened restrictions (orthodox Church of West under critique)  Permits closer degrees of marriage  Permits remarriage for widows Luther: Marriage rises to ideal, no longer second-best Dissolution of convents   redefined notion of “holy sacraments” Catholic church – 7 sacraments given by God (Baptism, Marriage, Confession,  Communion, Confirmation, Anointing of the sick, holy orders) Lutheranism – 3 sacraments given by God – marriage is no longer a holy sacrament  therefore doesn’t need to be regulated by Church law but can be intervened by man  Divorce is not completely forbidden and neither is remarriage “Mortmain” lands returns into circulation English Reformation starts over divorce (Henry VIII) Anglican church establishes right to divorce, but divorce remains  extremely  rare until  mid-19th Century Wanted originally annul his marriage – Pope didn’t grant him disposition  Henry VIII and the Bishop of Canterbury leave Catholic Church to become the Church of  England – became increasingly more protestant
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