Lecture 19

Lecture 19 - 03:36 DivorceI Review...

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03:36 Divorce I  Review Demographic trends Has come with the 20 th  century, not cultural changes Mortality increase and birthrate increase   demography Standard of living  Pre ss. – most likely to be poor were the elderly  Social Security – redistributed wealth so the old wouldn’t be suffering economic  hardship  Created in 1935 but by 60s/70s – Social Security Insurance (targeted at disabled, blind  and deaf) Medicare – national health insurance system for the elderly (60s/70s)  Starting at age 65 (doesn’t pay for all health cost [nursing homes])  elderly are now not the most likely to be poor  Majority of the elderly, live alone  Even elderly who are disabled (don’t live in nursing homes)  Get taken care of by family members  Care arrangements  Role of daughters for care of the elderly  Mutual support  Direct financial aid (help from old to young)
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Down payments for homes or babysitting help  Indirect financial support (help from young to old) Social security  Grandparenting Preview Elderly continued Widowhood effect Divorce I  History, trends Huge rise in the divorce rate between 1960s-80s  Explanations Macro Micro (next time) Widowhood Effect [ Married people live longer than unmarried people ] Loss of spouse increases mortality by about 15-20% in old age for whites    for living  spouse  Central evidence for health benefits of marriage  Found for bereaved men and women  Loss of primary care giver (men)  Loss of income (women)
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Long lasting (no apparent substitute) WHY? 1. broken heart theory – sadness by itself doesn’t kill someone
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course SOC 120 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Wisconsin.

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Lecture 19 - 03:36 DivorceI Review...

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