Lecture 26

Lecture 26 - 03:37 Preview Family&SocialPolicy

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03:37 Preview Family & Social Policy Welfare and “Workfare” through the ages Family change in the United States Family Change Worldwide Second demographic transition Welfare (1935-1996) Social Security Act (1935): Most important legislation that came out of Great Depression  – to enshrine family wage system  Act primarily addressed at men Enshrines family wage system – male primary wage earner (de facto at that time)  Unemployment insurance, pensions   all addressed to men, women at home  Forces women out federal employment: women need to be at home  “wrong kind of people sitting on jobs   women (married women) must give jobs to men  ex: Teachers, secretaries  Creates AFDC (Aid for families with dependent children) = “welfare” – originally given to widows  Entitlement program: If an America (citizens) in charge of a child earned below a set income threshold, could  receive a government stipend Everyone who falls under threshold, is entitled to the money no matter how many people  don’t meet the threshold   gov’t cant turn people away No time limit on benefits 
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First widows, later all poor families w/ children, in the end predominantly Divorced/never  married women w/ children By 60s/70s divorced or never married women with children received – de facto a  program for single mothers  First no work requirement (supporting family wage system, breadwinner/homemaker  ideal- women don’t work), then gradually (after mid 20 th  century) work requirement  introduced into welfare receipt  System that continued into 1990s  Late 1980 cultural shift – conservative Americans say it is not ok for people to draw  government checks no matter how hard  they have been hit by economic hardship Women need to work also Ideas about what is appropriate for welfare came into play – have repercussions:   Poverty became feminized   women disproportionately poor compared to men   crack epidemic in early 1990s called for big increased in violence and drug use (not  racialized)  AA predominately took crack White community took cocaine  Aid for Poor Families Today Welfare reform 1996: Democratic legislation by Bill Clinton  PRWORA creates TANF to replace AFDC PRWORA: Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996  switches country from welfare to workfare  Personal responsibility – on own
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course SOC 120 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Wisconsin.

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Lecture 26 - 03:37 Preview Family&SocialPolicy

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