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Textbook notes - Bolded Words Chapter 1 17:01...

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Unformatted text preview: Bolded Words Chapter 1 17:01 Individualism: A style of life in which individuals pursue their own interests and place great importance on developing a personally rewarding life Utilitarian Individualism: A style of life that emphasizes self-reliance and personal achievement, especially in ones work life Expressive Individualism: A style of life that emphasizes developing ones feelings and emotional satisfaction Person who wants to connect emotionally with a romantic partner and express his/her thoughts to a trust friend Develop a good body at the health club Western Nations: The countries of Western Europe, and the non-European, English-speaking countries: the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand Primary unit of these families is the small, household-based family of parents and children Monogamy: A marriage system in which people are allowed only one spouse Polygamy: A marriage system in which men or women (or both) are allowed to have more than one spouse at a time Externalities: Benefits or costs that accrue to others when an individual or business produces something Negative Externalities: The costs imposed on other individuals or businesses when an individual or business produces something or value to itself Positive Externalities: Benefits received by others when an individual or business produces something but for which the producer is not fully compensated Public Goods: Things that may be enjoyable by people who do not themselves produce them Are positive externalities Children! Free-Rider Problem: The tendency for people to obtain public goods by letting others do the work of producing them Metaphorically, the temptation to ride free on the backs of others Kids- everyone benefits from the child rearing only parents do Public Family: One adult, or two adults who are related by marriage partnership or shared parenthood who take care of dependents (children) and the dependents themselves Usually resides in same household Private Family: Two or more individuals who maintain an intimate relationship that they expect will last indefinitely, or in the case of a parent and child, until the child reaches adulthood, and who usually live in the same household and pool their income together Boundary Ambiguity: A state in which family members are uncertain who is in or out of the family Created Kinship: Kinship ties that people have to construct actively Valuable to people who cant find the adequate support among blood-based or first- marriage-based kin Assigned Kinship: Kinship ties that people more or less automatically acquire when they are born or when they marry Objectivity:...
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course SOC 120 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Wisconsin.

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Textbook notes - Bolded Words Chapter 1 17:01...

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