Textbook notes - BoldedWordsChapter1 17:01 Individualism ,especiallyin

Textbook notes - BoldedWordsChapter1 17:01 Individualism...

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Bolded Words Chapter 1  17:01 Individualism: A style of life in which individuals pursue their own interests and place great importance  on developing a personally rewarding life  Utilitarian Individualism: A style of life that emphasizes self-reliance and personal achievement, especially in  one’s work life  Expressive Individualism:  A style of life that emphasizes developing one’s feelings and emotional satisfaction Person who wants to connect emotionally with a romantic partner and express his/her  thoughts to a trust friend Develop a good body at the health club Western Nations: The countries of Western Europe, and the non-European, English-speaking countries:  the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand Primary unit of these families is the small, household-based family of parents and  children  Monogamy: A marriage system in which people are allowed only one spouse  Polygamy: A marriage system in which men or women (or both) are allowed to have more than one  spouse at a time  Externalities: Benefits or costs that accrue to others when an individual or business produces  something  Negative Externalities: The costs imposed on other individuals or businesses when an individual or business  produces something or value to itself Positive Externalities:
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Benefits received by others when an individual or business produces something but for  which the producer is not fully compensated  Public Goods: Things that may be enjoyable by people who do not themselves produce them  Are positive externalities  Children!  Free-Rider Problem: The tendency for people to obtain public goods by letting others do the work of  producing them Metaphorically, the temptation to ride free on the backs of others Kids- everyone benefits from the child rearing only parents do Public Family: One adult, or two adults who are related by marriage partnership or shared parenthood  who take care of dependents (children) and the dependents themselves Usually resides in same household  Private Family: Two or more individuals who maintain an intimate relationship that they expect will last  indefinitely, or in the case of a parent and child, until the child reaches adulthood, and  who usually live in the same household and pool their income together  Boundary Ambiguity: A state in which family members are uncertain who is in or out of the family Created Kinship: Kinship ties that people have to construct actively  Valuable to people who cant find the adequate support among blood-based or first- marriage-based kin  Assigned Kinship: Kinship ties that people more or less automatically acquire when they are born or when  they marry 
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  • Fall '08
  • Staff
  • Sociology, Sociological theory, partner, Kinship group, Late Modern Era

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