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Lecture 1 - Impact Discretion refers to the authority of an...

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03:38 What is criminal justice? Integrates: Law, sociology, history, psychology, political science, economics journalism, literature  Is not just part of the judicial system – CJS challenges all branches of government  Breakdown of Class: The Criminal  Justice  System The police Criminal trials  Corrections  Key themes: Individual rights vs public safety: Friedman page 182 Functions of Criminal Justice: Control   discipline  Public expectations vs how system operates: Myths and stereotypes  Crimes   trial?  Tiny fraction of cases actually go to court  Plea bargains or probation occur first  Crime   jail?  Role of actors, their discretion, effects of this discretion:
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Unformatted text preview: Impact: Discretion refers to the authority of an actor in the criminal justice system to make decisions based on one’s own judgment rather than on specified rules Discretion: who is it? Police Prosecution – (Friedman p 196) Judge – (F p 197) Jury – (F p 192) Parole boards – (F p 100) Prisoner is let out of jail earlier than sentenced Discretion is a gate-keeping function = limiting the number of cases that reach the system Factual guilt “vs” legal guilt: Someone who is wrongly convicted is legally guilty but not factually guilty (proven) 03:38 03:38...
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