Lecture 7 - 03:39 I.Defenses II.CriminalProcedure

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03:39 I. Defenses  II. Criminal Procedure Substantive Criminal Law Part II I. Defenses  Introduction: Defense is a factor that: 1. Justifies an act  2. Excuses the actor – circumstances that a person has to excuse person from  committing the act (does not excuse the act and know the person still committed the act) Defense consists of evidence of an excuse or justification to show defendant cannot be  help liable  Most common defenses: Alibi (factual) Weren’t there  Most commonly raised, although is not a “technical” defense  Affirmative Defenses: Defendant should not be found guilty because of extenuating circumstances – normative  defense  Could be any circumstances (self-defense, mental issues) Two types: 1. justification  or 2. excuse Diminish responsibility Many negate mens rea 
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Burden of Proof: When defendant offers a defense, state must prove beyond a reasonable doubt that  facts supporting defense do not exist  Justification -- State has monopoly of violence (can arrest, try and ultimately give death penalty) If backed into a corner – cant call police   must defend oneself  Eight Defenses: 1. Self-Defense: 1. Level of threat: imminent death or great bodily harm 2. Degree of force: necessary and reasonable 3. Retreat If one can run away, the law/society asks one to do that
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course SOC 131 taught by Professor Shoemaker during the Spring '08 term at Wisconsin.

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Lecture 7 - 03:39 I.Defenses II.CriminalProcedure

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