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research methods- lab 1 book 1

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Result <1> Accession Number Book: 2009-02306-047. Chapter Title Parent training. [References]. Publication Date 2008 Year of Publication 2008 Author Moore, Kevin J; Patterson, Gerald R. Source O'Donohue, William T (Ed). Fisher, Jane E (Ed). (2008). Cognitive behavior therapy: Applying empirically supported techniques in your practice (2nd ed.). US. Abstract (from the chapter) This chapter discusses parent training for very difficult children using behavioral techniques. Behavioral treatment for out-of-control children began in the late 1960's. It particularly emphasized the idea that the problem did not reside in the child; rather, it was in the social environment. Changing the aggressive child meant changing the environment that he or she lived in. The strategy that emerged was focused on training the parents (family members) to alter the contingencies they provided for both deviant and prosocial child behaviors. It was 25 years before
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Unformatted text preview: it was possible to show that observation-based measures of the relative rate of reinforcement for coercive behaviors predicted children's observed rates of deviant behavior a week later. In another study, the relative rate of reinforcement observed in family interaction predicted the future likelihood of police arrest and out-of-home placement. More recent research literature emphasizes the important role played by positive reinforcers supplied by deviant peers for deviant behavior. The programmatic studies by Dishion and his colleagues showed that the relative rate of reinforcement for deviant talk predicted criminal activity several years later. The influence of deviant peers seems to begin in the elementary grades with marked acceleration during early adolescence. The outcome seems to be reflected primarily in covert forms of antisocial behavior. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved)...
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