Unformatted text preview: it was possible to show that observation-based measures of the relative rate of reinforcement for coercive behaviors predicted children's observed rates of deviant behavior a week later. In another study, the relative rate of reinforcement observed in family interaction predicted the future likelihood of police arrest and out-of-home placement. More recent research literature emphasizes the important role played by positive reinforcers supplied by deviant peers for deviant behavior. The programmatic studies by Dishion and his colleagues showed that the relative rate of reinforcement for deviant talk predicted criminal activity several years later. The influence of deviant peers seems to begin in the elementary grades with marked acceleration during early adolescence. The outcome seems to be reflected primarily in covert forms of antisocial behavior. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved)...
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- Spring '08