research methods- paper 2 revisions

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Unformatted text preview: Running head: IMPLICIT WEIGHT ATTITUDES, SELF-IMAGE, AND GENDER Implicit Attitudes of Weight as a Function of Self-Image and Gender Susan Martinez and Brandi Donehoo University of Pittsburgh 1 Running head: IMPLICIT WEIGHT ATTITUDES, SELF-IMAGE, AND GENDER Abstract Obesity in America has become an epidemic the past few decades. This study examined the effects of gender and self-image weight attitudes. Data was collected from 32 participants using an Implicit Association Test (IAT) on weight bias and a self-image satisfaction questionnaire. Of the 32 participants, 17 participants were male and 15 of the participants were female. It was predicted that a persons gender affected weight attitudes, such as women being more sensitive towards weight than men. In addition, self- image was also predicted to have an effect on attitudes towards weight. This study also predicted that the interaction of gender and self-image had a significant effect on weight bias. This hypothesis was found to be unsupported by using an Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) statistical test. The results disproved the hypotheses by showing no significant differences between gender attitudes, self-image attitudes, and the interaction of gender and self-image to have an effect on perspectives on weight. 2 Running head: IMPLICIT WEIGHT ATTITUDES, SELF-IMAGE, AND GENDER The Implicit Attitudes of Weight as a Function of Self-Image and Gender It has been estimated that there are over a billion people who are overweight and that of those number, three million are obese (Krentz, 2006). Despite this increase, obesity is one of the last remaining facets of accepted discrimination (Davison & Birch, 2004). Discrimination for those that are obese can be seen from employers (Grover, Keel, & Mitchell, 2003), doctors (Krentz, 2006), and even ones own family (Puhl & Brownell, 2006). It is important to determine if there are any variables that can be found to be a sign of discrimination so as to prevent it from occurring. One factor that may influence attitudes about weight is gender. The findings of past research vary on whether gender plays a role in determining weight attitudes. In a study by Latner, Stunkard, & Wilson (2005), preferences of men and womens friend selection were studied. The subjects choose if they would prefer a friend who was obese, had various disabilities, or had no disability. Their study found that women showed greater bias than men. In contrast, a questionnaire formatted by Crandall (1994) to find out if blaming the behavior of those who were overweight was the cause for discrimination, showed that gender had no effect on weight bias. Another factor that may influence attitudes about weight is self-image. Davison & Birch (2004) met with parents and their 9 year old daughters to conduct a questionnaire evaluating normal characteristics and also possible predictors of fat stereotypes, such as eating attitudes. Their research showed that men and women who were obese tended to eating attitudes....
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course PSY 0035 taught by Professor Barbkucinski during the Spring '08 term at Pittsburgh.

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research methods- paper 2 revisions - Running head:...

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