soc of marriage- extra credit quiz 1

soc of marriage- extra credit quiz 1 - Susan Martinez May...

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Susan Martinez May 28, 2009 Sociology of Marriage Six Main Theories in Sociology of Marriage First and foremost, each theory falls under two categories; micro-level and macro-level. Micro-level theories view things going from the bottom-up. It focuses on interactions and exchanges between actors. Micro-level theorists are concerned with questions, such as “How do married couples in urban and rural areas deal with economic crises?” and “What kind of strategies do couples use to cope with crises?” Macro-level is the exact opposite, in that it views the factors that affect marriage from the top-down, focusing on large scale patterns, processes and trends, like structures. Macro-level theorists are found to ask questions, such as “How do economic crises affect married couples in urban and rural areas?” and “What kinds of economic processes have the most dire consequences?” The first theory is the structural-functional theory. This theory falls under macro-level theories and is an understanding of the whole through its parts, such as analyzing society as a more or less integrated system. The structural-functional theory focuses on order, consensus, and stability. It sees marriage as a social institution that performs essential functions for a society to maintain order and stability. For example, child-rearing, and the roles within a marriage; husbands equal breadwinners and wives equal home makers. The husband and wife roles perform different but essential functions that allow the institution of marriage to be
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soc of marriage- extra credit quiz 1 - Susan Martinez May...

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