hist 500- final paper

hist 500- final paper - Susan Martinez Hist 0500 Colonial...

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Susan Martinez December 16, 2011 Hist 0500: Colonial Latin America Final Paper From the end of the 15 th century to the beginning of the 19 th century, the relationship between the colonies and the colonial powers has been strained within theory and actual practice. The theory and purpose for the colonies on how they should be run and established, and in actuality how it happened in history created dissonance. This difference has been a perpetuating factor from the time of the conquest to the age of revolution. The conflict between the colonial powers and colonies eventually built up enough to come to a halt during the age of revolution. To start, the conquest had a disagreement between theory and practice from Columbus’s first landing on Hispaniola. The first city established in the New World, La Isabela, only lasted five years. This was because the Spaniards figured that the only way they could maintain the essence of being Spanish was to eat the same foods, have the same customs, and all in all, live the same life they had in Spain. However, life in the New World tended to have many more speed bumps on the road to becoming the “Spanish utopia”. Life in the New World meant a different climate, agriculture, foods, and labor force, which caused a variety of different challenges for the Spaniards. Because the primary laborers were indigenous people, the Spaniards were being influenced by indigenous artwork, pottery and foods. Consequently, the colony did not last long because there wasn’t enough European culture mixed into the New World experience. In theory, the New World colonies should have reflected a utopia of Spanish culture, however in practice there were too many dissimilarities between the expectations of the Europeans and what was actually possible.
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Another example of conflict between theory and practice was the purpose for the conquest. Given the strong influence of the Catholic church throughout Spain, the intentions of the conquest was to spread Christianity in order to “save” the indigenous people who, according to Columbus’s accounts, did not have a religion. However, the conquest dealt with mass murder of these people and mistreatment, yet was justified by the act of religion because it was a
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hist 500- final paper - Susan Martinez Hist 0500 Colonial...

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