social foundations of ed- macleod paper- revised

social foundations of ed- macleod paper- revised - Susan...

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Susan Martinez October 31, 2011 Social Foundations of Education Macleod Paper Social Reproduction and Social Reality Throughout the semester discussions based on social reproduction and the achievement gap have been attended to. Macleod identifies these theories by blaming education for misleading lower class individuals that education in their situation was the key to success. The social reproduction theory claims that schools promote social inequality and stresses “barriers to social mobility”, which will in turn lead to the inheritance of one’s familial social status (Macleod 8). The achievement ideology suggests that success is based off of merit, and has nothing to do with social, economic, or racial factors. Macleod makes a note of both of these ideologies when speaking of two youth groups of males called the Hallway Hangers and the Brothers. In discussing the adversity faced by these two groups, Macleod affirms the weaknesses of the achievement ideology and strengthens the social reproduction theory. The social status of both of these groups was on the lower end of society. Each male counterpart of these groups lived in a public housing project known as Clarendon Heights. Only a few characteristics of the boys separated them; race, attitude, and number of generations spent in Clarendon Heights. The Hallway Hangers was a primarily all white group with the exception of one member. They were openly racist towards black people, and had generations before them live in Clarendon Heights. Their most significant attribute was their lack of respect and conformity to society, social norms, and education. The group in itself created its own subculture and rules for success, different from what was inherently accepted. The Brothers, predominantly
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an African American group with the exception of one or two members, were the first generation within Clarendon Heights. Although their lower status held them in public housing before, they were recent occupants of Clarendon Heights. In addition, The Brothers willingly accepted education as a liberator of their current social status, and adhered to the norms of society. In regards to the social reproduction theory, the story of the Hallway Hangers’ demonstrates consent. The “social reproduction theory identifies the barriers to social mobility, barriers that constrain without completely blocking lower- and working-class individuals’ efforts to break into the upper reaches of the class structure” (Macleod 8). With respects to the Hallway Hangers, they tend to recognize the issues of social reproduction, such as status and education.
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