4.history slides

4.history slides - Sociology of Sports Early History of...

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Sociology of Sports Early History of American Sports
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History of Early American Sports Benjamin Rader. 1999. American Sports: From the Age of Folk Games to Televised Sports. Many early trends in early sports persist today in one form or another
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British Festive Culture Folk Games: foot races, quoits (horseshoes), nine-pins and skittles (bowling) Gender segregation men – physical games women – foot racing British especially fond of violent games and spectacles: wrestling and cudgeling
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Social Value of Sports in Festive Culture Stress relief from daily hardship of peasant life Mating rituals (e.g., May Day) Symbolic and safe expression of criticism of social status Promoted village unity
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British Sports during Colonial Times Mirrored Britain’s rigid class hierarchy Change occurred in 18 th Century where sports were not tied to social class or festivals Commercialization of events by tavern and inn owners
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Colonial America Struggle between British Festive Culture and religious value systems (Puritans, Quakers) Many colonists continued playing traditional games to maintain link with England BUT wide dispersal of people (except in New England) made it hard to keep the games alive Sharp regional differences begin to emerge
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Puritan Opposition to British Festive Culture Puritans left Church of England over its reliance on rituals associated with Catholic Church Opposition from all levels of English society Puritans brought this “culture war” with them to Colonies Especially seen in North East Colonies
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Sports okay if… Had a function in society - utilitarianism Disassociated with traditional revelries Refreshed participants for work and spirituality Glorified God
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Southern Colonies More tolerant because: Church of England held sway almost exclusively Moral strictures did not forbid blood sports – hunting, horse racing, and fox hunting especially popular
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course SOC 465 taught by Professor Kathleengray during the Fall '10 term at Pittsburgh.

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4.history slides - Sociology of Sports Early History of...

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