Lecture Notes 4

Lecture Notes 4 - Charge XML Name Cations 1 + H+ hydrogen...

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Unformatted text preview: Charge XML Name Cations 1 + H+ hydrogen Li+ lithium Na+ sodium K+ potassium Cs + cesium Ag+ silver 2+ Mg“ magnesium Ca2+ calcium 812+ strontium Ba2+ barium Zn2+ zinc Cd2 + cadmium 3 + Al3 + aluminum Anions i — H‘ hydride F‘ fluoride Cl‘ chloride BF bromide I# iodide 2— O2 " oxide 82' sulfide 3— N3" nitride *Listed by charge; those in boldface are most common. Table 2.4 Some Metals That FormMore Than-‘Ohe’Mon'ato mic Ion." Element ion Formula Systematic Name Common (Trivial) Name Chromium Cr2+ chromiumfll) Chromous Cr3+ chromium(III) chromic Cobalt Co2+ cobaltal) Co3+ cobaltflll) Copper Cu+ copper(I) cuprous Cu2+ copperfll) cupric Iron Fe2+ iron(II) ferrous Fe3+ iron(III) ferric Lead Pro2+ lead(11) Pb“ lead(IV) Mercury Hgg2+ mercuryU) mercurous Hg2+ mercury(II) mercuric Tin 8112+ tin(11) stanuous Sn4+ Lin(IV) stannic *Listed alphabetically by metal name; those in boldface are most common. 1A (1) :1 2 f 3 _ g. E, 4 5 4‘6 r. L Figure 2.18 Some common monatomic ions ofthe elements. Main-group elements usually form a single monatomic ion. Note that members of a group have ions with the same charge. [Hydro- gen is shown as both the cation H+ in Group mm and the anion 3A 4A 5A H‘ in Group 7A(17).] Many transition elements form two different (13) (14) (15) monatomic ions. (Although Hg?2+ is a diatomic ion, it is included for comparison with H925) 38 4e 5e 65 is as ‘ " 18 213 (5) (a) in 7(8) (9) (10) (Hi (12} 'c-r3+ ' :J'Fé's‘r' case. {W PMQJ M 2.9 ((21% 4mm) ._._.———-"‘-_- M M . M W :7 “w 69 'Z Cations /W W W 4 NH4+ ammonium -- ‘ “30+ hydronium MWL Ito/M 1m 74% 2‘ 5’ Anions W CH3COO_ acetate ' 0 5‘ (or Czflsofl H M pm (/{11 c9 am 7‘? A7 CN__ Cyanide W W @ 0H" hydroxide Wfl W 0% 7—- ClO_ hypochlorite C1027 chlorite W M M W (3103— chlorate ' _ C1047 perchlorate . P W flvv {534 N02“ nitrite w w ' N03” nitrate f — - M MnOf permanganate { W (I W Cng— carbonate . HC03“ hydrogen (a) WM W M “4 11V! 7&0 I W carbonate(0r bicarbonate) Cr042" Chromate Cr2072_ dichromate 022— peroxide 3— P04 phosphate Mum M Wma‘uam W HPO427 hydrogen phosphate HZPO4 dillydrogen phosphate 8032 sulfite M SO47" sulfate W. WIN/1 H804 hydrogen sulfate ‘ (or bisulfate) 5041” 6031’" *Boldface ions are most common. [emu swam/Lea, MW 2 fl . 1 0/ Aha/2L éafiea’ 6M flw‘owo mfl u‘af’a W 51/23/71 figfl/p— M r4; flair»? Mm WK C?” HM 5 1“ HAS @ j’mégbaj} “4,2: W “A W W'mh @WMM' flaz/ Q04 ([04. C20; ow; HMO; N0; H N05 @ Fwdflxz “Imwc&m%w%w&,AAfl14 2 g P P C i {at am‘aég/ W R5L.thml¢7utw7dvmuw Ig«fiwmdglwflh;flW% Ta 2.6 Numerical Prefikes far ‘ E- . S. , - ' ‘ Hydratesapd-Binary' I X ‘ _ Covalenmjmppunds _ Ma 5' o H1 0 Number Prefix 1 mono—' 2 di- 3 tri— 4 tetra— {2 a )2. D 5 penta— 6 hexa— 7 hepta— 8 octa- 9 nonak 10 deca— Cu§04¢§ffio W ENM%(A7LMM@¢Afi%, @7, ...
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Lecture Notes 4 - Charge XML Name Cations 1 + H+ hydrogen...

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