exam3 - SOC 335 Exam 3 04:15 Text Chapter 3 Stratification...

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SOC 335 Exam 3 04:15 Text Chapter 3 – Stratification “Educational attainment has represented a pathway to economic opportunity” crisis in education “we must invest in reform that raises students’ achievement…and turns around failing schools that steal the future from too many young Americans” – Obama history with growth of industry, new and more formal mechanisms to transmit knowledge were necessary this function was gradually transferred from family to school schools had the responsibility of preparing workers for industry and assimilating immigrant subcultures into the mainstream schools open to white children, later open (segregated) to African Americans as industry and formal schooling expanded, the division of labor between those who controlled capital and decision making and those who were controlled began to be formalized resulting in inequalities private schools were established for the elites, ensuring a continuation of their privileged positions education also served to perpetuate class distinctions between the capitalists and the working class the school system is expected to raise everyone’s chances for a better life and to provide equality of opportunity in reality, it helps some children move up, and locks others into low-level positions in society ascribed, demographic factors such as race, sex, and family status affect individuals’ chances for an education process of stratification definition: a person’s place in society’s hierarchy in the US, many think that an “open class” system predominates contrasts with a caste/estate system, in which individuals are born into their permanent, ascribed positions and stay there throughout their lives social class: determined by three major variables
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wealth – one’s property, capital, income 80% of wealth is owned by 1/20 of the population power – ability to make major decisions or to influence others to act on behalf of one’s benefit prestige – determined by your occupation level/status 1/5 population = poor one’s position in the strat. System implies a certain lifestyle, membership in certain groups, political affiliations, attitudes toward life chances, health, child-rearing patterns, etc. relation to education Warner, Havighurst, Loeb: schools sort students based on their potential for upward mobility Status attainment model – variables that affect one’s educational and occupational positions Mother’s education, father’s education, father’s job/income Ability (measured by achievement or IQ test) Academic performance Others’ encouragement Aspirations Education first job main job Functionalist theory of stratification Main idea: each part of society is related to each other part in the total society Inevitability of inequality Major function of schools is to develop, sort, and select individuals by ability level to fill hierarchical positions People are induced to do what society needs done The importance to the survival of society of a particular role and scarcity of qualified persons to fill the role determine the prestige rankings of positions
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This note was uploaded on 02/19/2012 for the course SOC 335 taught by Professor Tedwaegenaar during the Fall '11 term at Miami University.

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exam3 - SOC 335 Exam 3 04:15 Text Chapter 3 Stratification...

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