HDPS 201 notes

HDPS 201 notes - Introduction to Psychological Services Abnormal Behavior o Distress(do they mind the behavior o Impairment(able to function o Risk

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Introduction to Psychological Services Abnormal Behavior: o Distress (do they mind the behavior) o Impairment (able to function?) o Risk to self or other people o Socially and culturally unacceptable behavior Each culture has a different set of norms and etiquette o When looking at abnormal behavior think about what makes it abnormal Not just the behavior Mental illness: bio-psycho-social brain disorder characterized by dysfunctional thoughts, feelings, and/or behaviors that meet DSM-IV-R diagnostic criteria Causes of abnormality o Biological: Genetic inheritance Medical conditions Brain damage Exposure to environmental stimuli (toxins in environment) o Psychological Traumatic life experiences Learned associations (revolving door = pain) Distorted perceptions (feel/think/hear things that aren’t true) Faulty ways of thinking o Sociocultural Disturbances in intimate relationships Problems in extended relationships Political or social unrest Discrimination towards one’s social group Impacted by mental illness o Individual o Family Economic effects/huge drain of resources Cause of embarrassment or shame/stigma taints the family Emotional stress/Anxiety (scared of setting person off) Hesitant to seek help cause feel like they can handle it Huge impact o Community Large numbers of people mentally ill who are homeless 60% of incarcerated people are mentally ill o Society Adults with psych disorders miss over 1 billion days of work or school Financial burdens (battles on health care, policy, etc.) Homelessness 26.2% (about 52.7 million) adults show signs of mental disorders
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Suicidal patients go to hospitals for an attempt, and over 30,000 of them died History o Stone age: people suffering from mental illness are possessed by demons Treatments: Exorcism, drilling into skull Low survival rate o Greeks: still believed in something being internal; bodily fluids influence physical and mental health Treatments: get out excess fluids through various, usually painful means Low survival/no effect o Religion’s impact on mentally ill Negative: viewed as sinners or were being punished by God; thought sufferers were witches and were killed either purposefully or accidentally through attempted treatment Positive: created charity and outreach in terms of setting up housing and centers for mentally ill (which became the asylums) Before they were kept isolated Asylum: in effort to keep people calm and nonviolent, many times people were chained, overcrowded, and dirty. Were often treated badly even though it was a step up o Became entertainment shows for people Still cruel b/c people didn’t understand what worked to cure/help mental illness o 17-1800s reform Looking for more humane ways to treat them Different words to describe mentally ill to fight the stigma and show differences in the various mental diseases
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This note was uploaded on 02/20/2012 for the course HDPS 201 taught by Professor Montes during the Fall '11 term at Northwestern.

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HDPS 201 notes - Introduction to Psychological Services Abnormal Behavior o Distress(do they mind the behavior o Impairment(able to function o Risk

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