History of the Holocaust notes 2

History of the Holocaust notes 2 - Victims Jews did not...

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Victims Jews did not kill hardly any Germans o Didn’t fight back Arendt/Hilberg o Jews did not resist/resistance was very minimal o Actually helped the Germans (police effort, administration, etc) o If they had fought against the Germans there would have either been chaos or at least have taken more Germans to control (more effect on the war effort) More application of German manpower and resources o Hilberg: Hundreds of years of dealing with persecution made them comply Bauer o Opportunities of Jews to resist was so limited o German force was huge o Best Jews could do is survive, hold lives together as long as possible to make sure max feasible number of them emerge alive o Definition of resistance is diff “any group action that is taken against actions taken against Jews Constituted keeping faith, educating children, smuggling in and out of ghettos to make sure they got more food so more can survive Is not its consequences (how many survive or Germans killed) Measure is effort on part of people to prevent German’s obtaining goal (whipping out Jewish people) o Extent of resistance was a great deal larger if looked at differently o Jews were out-gunned by Germans, starved, etc. o Fact that they kept their courage is a testament to their strength Dilemmas that faced the Jews under the Nazi assault are “choiceless choices” o Whatever you choose, it is likely to result in the death of more people Number of survivors of USSR first invasion was low o Ghettos disappeared quickly Countries in Western Europe there were no ghettos o Nazi thought was it might increase public sympathy o Holland – Germans said to Dutch association of Jews that they would provide them with x number of people to be deported East In Poland, shootings were exceptions o Only half the victims are confronted with this situation o Ripped Jews out of places they would live and concentrated them in ghettos o Imposed governing body in between Jews and German govt Jewish Councils (Judenraete) o Sometimes would let Jews choose their leaders and then would shoot the chosen leaders and chose their own o System of indirect rule: Nazis told Jewish leaders what to do and made them responsible for enacting those orders The leaders wanted to keep their privileges and therefore they complied
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Knew if they carried out policies Jewish Councils told them to, they’d be the last people transported East and would get more food o Process worked because of non-resistance Jews in charge of selves Pitted Jews against eachother Adverse circumstances Made people inside more cooperative and made enforcing cooperation less demanding Forced people within to do dirty work o Rumkowski (leader of ghetto that lasted longest) Decided that way to keep most people alive the longest would be to collaborate with Germans and work for them Wanted to turn the Lodz (?) ghetto into a textile factory Make uniforms for Germans cheaply in return for enough food to
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This note was uploaded on 02/20/2012 for the course HIST 349 taught by Professor Hayes during the Spring '08 term at Northwestern.

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History of the Holocaust notes 2 - Victims Jews did not...

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