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Unformatted text preview: Why the Germans? • Jews were given the same rights in 19 th century as in other countries, and protestations were just as loud as the other countries. • Germany didn’t exist; only a geographic configuration. “The land in the middle.” o 1871 – became a united country. “The delayed nation.” o Notions of German nationalism similarly delayed o Didn’t think of themselves as primarily German. Prussians, Bavarians, etc. Long and ancient roots. Germans thought of selves as descendants of ancient tribes, not as Germans o Sense of German nationalism had to be created to overarch the separate identities and nationalities. o Fragmentation of central part of Europe made it plaything of larger, united nations. • Victory of French with Napoleon in central Europe was starting trauma of German nationalism. o Foreigners brought new ideas of Democracy and Emancipation, but although these ideas were good they were brought by conquerors and were therefore something to be contested. • Idea presented by a book: there is something in the blood of each nationality that defines who that nation’s people are. o People interpreted this as a hierarchy. Nationalities are different; therefore some are better than others. o One that was proven to be better was one that coincided with nationality of speaker. o German = someone who is related by ties of blood to each other (Das Volk) o Ideas of democracy and emancipation were linked to French and economic freedoms that gave some people jobs, but denied others. • 1848 – Frankfurt parliament o Attempt to pass laws to apply to all states that are now part of Germany; failed attempt to unify the nation o Most frequent among petition were letters from farmers across Germany that attributed their problems to the Jews and asked to roll back all newly given rights • 1871 – Prussia created war to unify all German nations o Still allowed the states to have some independence; some still kept their emperors, princes, etc. o Had an overarching parliament and emperor o Enacted on national level the emancipation of the Jews by saying all people in Germany were equal and set in motion long political struggle over equality of Jews within the country o Anti-Semitic groups were ever present, loud, and constant, but were politically complete failures from 1871-1915 o Long tradition of organized political animosity towards Jews, but not a significant percentage of population bought into it o No laws were passed; lots of people tried to be Hitler but failed. • 1873 – Economic depression o Affected particularly the farmers and poor people living in urban areas • 1879 – Lecture by Treitschke o Announced that “The Jews are our misfortune.” o Became central slogan of Anti-Semitics o Attributing cause of depression to the Jews....
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