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Unformatted text preview: HANDOUT FOR LECTURE 18: HEROD THE GREAT While Herod was in Rome, Mattathias Antigonus extended his control into Idumaea. In 39, the Roman legate Ventidius drove the Parthians out of Syria. Herod returned to Judea and raised an army The subjugation of Galilee took a long time. Later, while Herod was meeting with Marc Antony and helping to fight the Parthians by the Euphrates river, his brother Joseph was killed in a battle with Mattathias Antigonus near Jericho. Herod hastened home to avenge his brother's death and establish his rule. He was assisted by Sosius, who was n o w the legate of Syria. Herod laid siege to Jerusalem. While conducting the siege, Herod married Mariamne at Samaria. Jerusalem fellto Herod in 37. Mattathias Antigonus surrendered and was led away in chains to Marc Antony, who executed him. The aging and physically disfigured Hyrcanus IIwas released from Parthian captivity, and returned to Judea . Herod appointed Hananel as high priest. Herod's reign can be divided into 3 periods: 1) until the Battle of Actium in 31:characterized by Herod's efforts to establish his rule, the attempts of the Hasmoneans to regain authority, and Cleopatra's designs on his territory. 2) 31-10 B .C.E:an age ofprosperity and success but with some major domestic troubles. 3) 10-4 B .C.E: characterized by domestic turmoil and some international tensions....
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- Fall '08
- Salomé , Herod the Great, Hasmonean, Herod, Herod Agrippa I