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Unformatted text preview: H A N D O U T F O R L E C T U R E :F R O M T H E D E A T H O F H E R O D T O T H E FIRST R E V O L T Immediately after Herod's death, a rebellion broke out inJerusalem. The rebellion was put down by Archelaus, who had been appointed by Herod as his successor, and by Varus, the governor (legate) ofSyria. Varus lefta legion inJerusalem under the command of Sabinus. Sabinus and the legion looted the Temple treasury. Revolution broke out throughout the country, but was put down by Varus. Augustus confirmed Herod's will, but did not make hissons kings.Archelaus (4BCE-6 CE) was made tetrarch ofJudea, Idumaea, and Samaria;Antipas (4 BCE-39 CE) was made ethnarch ofGalilee and Peraea, and Philip (4 BC-33/34 CE) was made ethnarch of Gaulanitis (the Golan). Philip rebuiltthe city ofPaneas (Banyas) and renamed itCaesarea Philippi.He also rebuiltBethsaida and renamed itJulias, afterAugustus's daughter Julia. Philip was married to Salome, the daughter ofHerodias. Antipas rebuilt Sepphoris, and established a new capital on the Sea ofGalilee which he named Tiberias. He married a daughter oftheNabataean king Aretas IV. Antipas is perhaps bestknown forhis execution ofJohn the Baptist. Antipas, while visiting his half-brother Philip, son ofMariamne II,fell in love with his wife, Herodias, the daughter ofAristobulus IV (Herod's executed son), who was Antipas's half-brother. Herodias agreed to break with her husband ifAntipas would divorce hisNabataean wife. Afteragreed to break with her husband ifAntipas would divorce hisNabataean wife....
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- Fall '08
- Herod the Great, Herod Antipas, Agrippa, Agrippa II, Gaius Caligula