lecture.17

lecture.17 - HANDOUT FOR LECTURE 17: THE END OF THE...

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HANDOUT FOR LECTURE 17: THE END OF THE HASMONEAN KINGDOM AND THE ROMAN ANNEXATION The Romans entered Judean politics because of the power struggle between Hyrcanus 11 and Alexandra II, after the death of their mother, Salome Alexandra (67 B.C.E.). At this moment, Antipater, the father of Herod the Great, appeared on the scene. He was the son of Antipas, a rich Idumean who had been nominated strategos (governor) by Alexander Jannaeus. Antipater persuaded Hyrcanus to make a treaty with Aretas III (ca. 85-62), the king of the Nabateans. At this time, the Roman general Pompey was on a military campaign in Asia (66-62). His general, Scaurus, had captured Damascus and proceeded to Judea. Hyrcanus and Artistobulus both turned to him for help. In 63, Pompey arrived in Damascus, and promised to adjudicate the dispute between the two brothers. But Aristobulus went back to Judea and established himself in the fortress of Alexandrium-Sartaba. Pompey invaded Judea and besieged Jerusalem. Pompey appointed Hyrcanus high priest, and
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This note was uploaded on 02/19/2012 for the course RELI 106 taught by Professor Magness during the Fall '08 term at UNC.

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lecture.17 - HANDOUT FOR LECTURE 17: THE END OF THE...

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