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Unformatted text preview: 1. ACT-UP AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power: A direct action protest organization founded in 1988 in NYC to protest the marginalization of people living with AIDS. Brought public (general public) and government attention to the AIDS epidemic by publishing controversial advertisements- plays on popular culture and American symbols- and holding protests, demonstrations, and speeches. Their goal to get rid of the presumptions and public silence about AIDS and those living with the disease. 2. Booker T. Spicely In 1944 Spicely (a soldier from NC) boarded a bus to go to Durham and sat in the front behind the driver. The driver told him to move to the back, but he refused because he was a soldier. When he got off the bus the driver followed and shot him twice, killing him. These kinds of incidents were common in the South; public transportation was commonly used for informal individual (and later organized) resistance because you had to pay a fee to use it. Bus drivers often carried guns to maintain order and could get away with it because of racial prejudices. 3. Restrictive Covenants An obligation when purchasing a deed/property for the buyer of property to do or not do something. Home buyers had to sign restrictive covenants during suburbanization (post- WWII) to prevent African American or other minority families from moving into white neighborhoods. Initially Levitt (builder of the Levittown suburbs) did not allow African Americans to purchase homes in his neighborhoods. In 1948 the Supreme Court ruled racial zoning and racial covenants illegal. 4. Civil Rights Act of 1957 The first Civil Rights bill pushed through Congress since Reconstruction; it was engineered by Lydon B. Johnson to be acceptable to both parties. It was a very moderate bill that in theory should have protected blacks right to vote, but it lacked any enforcement power. It didnt really have much significance thats why we never hear about it. 5. A Date with Your Family After WWII, communism and the threat of nuclear war with the Soviet Union became the chief American fear. In order to quell this fear and create an American identity, the government subsidized the creation and playing of many advertisements glorifying the nuclear family, preparedness, and duck and cover drills. A Date With Your Family is one of these such short films depicting the behavior of an ideal American family. Advertisements during the post war period (mainly the 1950s) reinforced the American ideals of consumerism, preparedness, family, and gender roles. 6. Charles Kikuchi Japanese American put into a Japanese internment camp during WWII (early 1940s). He was a college student, but had to leave the university to live in an internment camp with his family. He wrote a diary, and his depiction of camp life was surprisingly optimistic. He described some frustration but regarded the experience mainly as a time where he was able to bond with his family....
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- Spring '08