Module 2

Module 2 - Module 1/Module 2 Timeline of Events March 1938...

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Module 1/Module 2 Timeline of Events March 1938 Germany annexes Austria Partition of Czechoslovakia - September/October 1938 Munich agreement September 1939 Germany invades Poland June 1940 Fall of France May 1941 Germany attacks the Soviet Union o (Speed up killing of Jews) Winter 1942 Nazi defeats at Stalingrad and El Alamein o (Mass killing camps begin, voted most efficient method, Russian march toward Berlin starts) June 1944 D-Day May 1945 German surrender and the end of the war WWII Soviet Union lost 25 million people Poland lost 6 million people Germany lost 4.5 million people United States lost 400,000 people Hitler targeted civilian British areas in an attempt to frighten them into surrender, constant bombing Themes: Rise of 2 powers dominating the world o United States (Liberal Democracy) o Soviet Union (Marxism-Leninism) Understanding of the projection of each superpower’s ideas to the world How did the Cold War come about? o Was it inevitable? o Who was to blame? US worldview and the legacies of President Wilson United Nations (Spring 1945) Atlantic Charter (Summer 1941) o Document signed by Wilson and Churchill o Called for Equality of Nations, weak nations have the same right to exist as larger nations o Formed the basis of United Nations o Called for Self Determination, only legitimate governments are democracies
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o Idea of sustaining the capitalistic economy, creating a world that was good for business o Set in motion a capitalist economy with a social safety net, help the poorest of the poor o Business was most efficient when workers and management cooperated Bretton Woods Agreement (1944) lead to: the International Monetary Fund, and the World Bank o US and Britian were calling the shots, although 44 countries attended o Stalin didn’t sign anything o World agreed to keep currency stable o IMF was in charge of currency stabilization by providing countries with loans o World Bank provided loans to developing countries, as long as they adopted post 1945 capitalism o US benefited the most from this system o Encouraged government intervention The road to the Cold War Reviewed FDR believed he could negotiate with Stalin Truman and his advisors (new generation) believed Soviets were imposing communism
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Module 2 - Module 1/Module 2 Timeline of Events March 1938...

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