Module 3

Module 3 - Module 3 September 28, 2011 Key Words Democratic...

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Module 3 September 28, 2011 Key Words Democratic National Convention in Chicago (1968) Paris student riots and “night of barricades” (1968) Prague spring and Soviet/Warsaw pact invasion in August (1968) Cultural Revolution in China (1968) NATO/Warsaw Pact (1949) o NATO – alliance of western powers including Greece and turkey and America o Warsaw Pact – alliance of eastern Europe and Soviet Union MAD – Mutual Assured Destruction o Defense mechanism against opponent o If a nuclear weapon was shot the other side would fire all of their nuclear weapons o It was irrational to attack Detente Alexander Dubcek o There must be something global combining to cause these events in America, France, Czech, and China o Fear of nuclear distruction Enough nuclear material to destroy each side completely o 1949 Soviets exploded their first atomic bomb Cold War Fear of nuclear weapons Mobilization of society to fear the other side Eventually lead to a back-lash Decent movements were lead by students University populations exploded in the 60’s Student body came from different classes and different backgrounds, all weren’t upper- class Students felt pressure from Universities that had too many measures that restricted creativity Universities were a place to form protest movements 1968 – Transnational and international Legacies of 1968 1968 frightened the leaders of US and USSR It seemed leaders were losing control of society Both sides recognized they needed too cool off cold war 1972 – arms reduction treaties US and USSR opened up trade and recognized each other as entities After the cold war was reduced the world became a multi polar war October 3, 2011 Mutual Assured Destruction and the fear of the bomb (MAD) 1952 hydrogen bomb was created by the US
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1953 USSR exploded its first hydrogen bomb Each side had the ability to make a counterstrike, a nuclear war would be the destruction of whoever started it Herbert Marcuse and the “New Left” German Jewish intellectual Considered the father of the New Left Tried to present a Marxist interpretation of the Cold War Believer of pre Marxist ideals, but anti-communist Argued Capitalism and Stalinism shared a similar experience in which they embraced technology and industrialization (both ideals made humans part of a larger system) Marcuse believed humans were losing creativity and sense of humanity (called for protests) Called for the reconnection of individuals The rise of student movements and Mario Savio Rise of student movements were in response to the fear of nuclear war By 1960 half the US population was under the age of 18 Universities began to increase in size, 1955-1965 number of people in universities doubled Federal funding pumped millions into universities Character of student body began to change, creation of SAT and federal funding allowed
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Module 3 - Module 3 September 28, 2011 Key Words Democratic...

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