Bioethics Chapter 1 Notes

Bioethics Chapter 1 Notes - CHAPTER 1 Morality concerns...

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CHAPTER 1 Morality – concerns beliefs regarding morally right and wrong actions and morally good and bad persons or characters (critical reasoning in ethics is called moral reasoning) Normative Dominance – moral considerations often override other factors(Aesthetic Norms:judgements about art, Norms of etiquette: polite social behavior, Grammatical Norms: correct use of language, Prudential Norms:one’s best interest, Legal Norms:Lawful and unlawful acts) Universality – moral principles or judgments apply in all relevantly similar situations (telling a lie is wrong in one situation then it is wrong to tell a lie in another circumstance Impartiality – the idea that everyone should be considered equal and everyone’s interest should count the same (morally relevant differences between people counters this theory) Reasonableness – moral judgments have to carry weight by having reason Descriptive Ethics – the study of morality using the methodology of science Normative Ethics – the search for, and justification of, moral standards, or norms
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Bioethics Chapter 1 Notes - CHAPTER 1 Morality concerns...

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