Bioethics Chapter 2 Notes

Bioethics Chapter 2 Notes - good produced by individual...

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CHAPTER 2 Moral Theory – explains not why one event causes another but why an action is right or wrong or why a person or a person’s character is good or bad Consequentialist – insists that the rightness of actions depends solely on their consequences or results Deontological – the rightness of actions is not determined solely by their consequences but partly or entirely by their intrinsic nature Influential Moral Theories Utilitarianism – the view that right actions are those that result in the most beneficial balance of good over bad consequences for everyone involved. Act-utilitarianism – the idea that the rightness of actions depends solely on the relative
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Unformatted text preview: good produced by individual actions • Rule-Utilitarianism – avoids judging rightness by specific acts and focuses instead on rules governing categories of acts Kantian Ethics – the core of morality consists in following a rational and universally applicable moral rule and doing so solely out of a sense of duty • Categorical Imperative – a command that applies without exception and regard for particular needs “Do this – regardless” • Hypothetical Imperative – a command to do something if we want to achieve particular aims “If you want good pay, work hard”...
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This note was uploaded on 02/20/2012 for the course PHIL 165 taught by Professor Gradstudent during the Fall '07 term at UNC.

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