Bioethics Study Guide 3

Bioethics Study Guide 3 - Some consequentialist theories...

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Some ‘consequentialist’ theories suggest that consequences are all that matter . Explain this idea . Consequentialist theory: “the rightness of actions depends solely on their consequences or results . ”(Vaughn, 32) – Something is deemed morally right if the consequences are more good than bad . May help to understand by looking at a nonconsequentialists idea: that the rightness of actions is determined not SOLELY by their consequences but partly of entirely by their nature . (ie . Lying is bad regardless of its consequences, good or bad . While a consequentialist might say that lying is wrong because it causes more harm than good, not on the nature of the action itself . ) Unlike Kant’s idea (deontologist) that people must be treated as ends and not mere means . A utilitarian would say that the ends, if good ends, justify whatever the taken means . illustrating by describing two different consequentialist theories and, Utilitarianism: view that right an action is morally right if it is the action that brings the most good (compared to bad) consequences to everyone . a. Morality of mandatory organ donation: A utilitarian consequentialist would favor mandatory organ donation because it is what would bring the most overall good to everyone . The denial of autonomy in this case, is justified in order to have the best consequences . Welfare consequentiality: how good the place is overall, vs the alternative . Consequentialism seems to have a significant problem when it comes to moral rights . Explain why, by considering the transplant case (be sure to describe it), and one other case . Potential conflict between rights and long-term benefits, however to a true consequentialist rights may be overridden by the benefits or good of the consequences . 1. The transplant case: Is it right to kill one innocent person to harvest their organs to save 5 people? A consequentialist may look a the outcome of the action taken in the transplant case: 1 dies, 5 live . Seems better than 5 die, 1 lives . However, this is not okay, so it seems that the rights of the person are favored over the overall consequences of the action . This is a problem for consequentialists, At first glance it looks like any version of consequentialism is going to have this problem . However, there is a way that consequentialists might try to capture the moral importance of rights; explain how . 1. Theory of right action - The moral status of actions is determined by how good a place they make the world overall 2. Theory of value . – what is good? Before brings most happiness or good to all sentient beings . Change it . To save consequentialism in a case such as the transplant case, we can change the idea of the theory of value . Originally it was what makes the world a better place, or brings the most happiness to everyone . Change to maximize deserved happiness . -
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Bioethics Study Guide 3 - Some consequentialist theories...

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