Week 2- Tourism

Week 2- Tourism - Week2:Tourism 17:54 ,...

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Week 2: Tourism 17:54 Deals with cultural representation, how do people represent themselves to create  revenue. Issues of race, gender, and consumption. Tourism is directly tied to history and colonialism. Power relations will always be present. The Origins of Sightseeing Judith Adler (1989) Secular forms of tourism, not connected to religion. First flourished in the 16 th  century in  Europe. Long term travel of people with money, localized in Europe. Young aristocrats went  abroad seeking knowledge. Learned the language first. They would stay at the houses  of gentry who opened their houses. A very personal and intimate travel. Relied heavily  on the ear and tongue. 17 th  century focus grew on the eye. Exposure of dancing,  fencing, you would go to learn and experience these things. It was not about  picturesque views or looking at something drastically different. Not about vision, about language. The language was used to interact with people, to  communicate with them. 17 th  century: Idea of Cartesian vision Developing sense of the visual, the eye is the window onto the world. Much more than  talking or listening, it is the eye that is the most important component of the modern  sense that is developing. Truthfulness is associated with sight, cannot be compared. If you see it for yourself, you know it is true. If someone tells it, it is not the same. These  ideas developed now. Camera Obscura First development of photography. A small hole that projects an inverted image of the  scene outside. Colonialism is going on, there is an idea of vision becoming more  important, and this technology that helps record it. What you see is reality. Universal reality that can be captured. We all see the same thing captured in a camera. Naturalize representation: saying that the camera can capture reality that is fundamental  and truthful in the world. Head becomes a blank space in which the world is projected  onto. Hearing, language, thought process is all set aside. Colonialism: at the same time, European expansion is taking place Papal Order of 1452: declared war on all non-Christian. Sanctioned conquest.  Obligation to Christianize the world, taking the land, and populating it. From extraction of wealth to settlement. Ultimately, settlement became more important  than extracting wealth. Settler colonialism still happens in the United States, Canada,  Australia.  Eye grew importance, travel was all about increasing control. You want to extract things  from a different place.
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Knowledge separated from experience. No longer engaging when traveling, no longer  experiencing, talking. Not traveling to engage, more to just see. 
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This note was uploaded on 02/20/2012 for the course ANTH 120 taught by Professor Jeandennison during the Fall '11 term at UNC.

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Week 2- Tourism - Week2:Tourism 17:54 ,...

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