Fall 2011- Chapter 5- Governmental Crime- Part 2

Fall 2011 chapter 5 governmental crime part 2

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Unformatted text preview: Governmental Crime Governmental Crime Part 2 White Collar Crime CRJU E491W­ Fall 2011 William C. Smith Governmental Crime: The Context Governmental Crime: The Context The term “governmental crime” refers to a range of crimes committed in a government context and applies to both state crime and political white collar crime. State crime refers to harmful activities carried out by the state or on behalf of some state entity. Political white collar crime refers to the illegal activities carried out by officials and politicians for their direct personal benefit, both in the realm of finance and pure power. State Crime State Crime State criminality is a specific type of governmental crime. State criminality can be divided in to four subcategories. The categories are not mutually exclusive: The criminal state, The repressive state, The corrupt state, and The negligent state. The Criminal State The Criminal State A criminal state comes to exist where the state itself is used as an instrument to commit crimes against humanity, such as genocide. Acts committed by the criminal state include so­ called “war crimes” and other acts of inhumanity committed by, or in the name of, a government or political regime. The determination of whether the acts of a state can be said to be “criminal” is generally subjective. The My Lai Massacre The My Lai Massacre The My Lai massacre, which took place on the morning of March 16, 1968, was a turning point in the history of modern American combat, and, as well, in the public perception of the Vietnam War. Because the hamlet of My Lai was among several small hamlets thought to be harboring Viet Cong guerillas who had inflicted heavy casualties on American troops, members of Charlie Company (1st Battalion, 20th Infantry Regiment, 11th Brigade, 23rd Infantry Division) were ordered by their commanders to “go in there aggressively, close with the enemy and wipe them out for good” and to “burn the houses, kill the livestock, destroy foodstuffs, and... close the wells.” Although the Americans soldiers found no enemy fighters in the village...
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