Unformatted text preview: Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and others associated with the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, and the Congress of Racial Equality. The remaining COINTELPRO targeted groups were “white hate groups,” such as the Ku Klux Klan and National States' Rights Party. An FBI memorandum described COINTELPRO’s goals with respect to Black Nationalist Groups as follows: Prevent a coalition of militant black nationalist groups. Prevent the rise of a messiah who could unify and electrify the militant nationalist movement, noting that Martin Luther King, Stokely Carmichael, and Elijah Muhammad all aspired to that position. Prevent violence on the part of black nationalist groups. Prevent militant black nationalist groups and leaders from gaining respectability by discrediting them. Prevent the longrange growth of militant black nationalist organizations, especially among youth. In order to eliminate black militant leaders they considered dangerous, the FBI conspired with local police departments to target specific individuals, accuse them of crimes they did not commit, suppress exculpatory evidence and falsely incarcerate them. One Black Panther Party leader, Elmer “Geronimo” Pratt, was incarcerated for 27 years based on fabricated evidence, before a California Superior Court vacated his murder conviction, ultimately freeing him. "COINTELPRO was a program of "COINTELPRO was a program of subversion carried out not by a couple of petty crooks but by the national political police, the FBI, under four administrations...by the time it got through... it was aimed at the entire new left, at the women's movement, at the whole black movement, it was extremely broad. Its actions went as far as political assassination.“
MIT Professor of Linguistics and Activist Noam The body of Fred Hampton, national
spokesman for the Black Panther
Party, assassinated by...
View Full Document
- Fall '11
- COINTELPRO, Fred Hampton, political white collar, criminal state