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Unformatted text preview: 03:10 Cognition refers to the mental processes such as perception, memory, thought and language, that together produce knowledge Thinking- information in memory is manipulated and transformed through thinking, when thinking we often use concepts Concept Formation Artificial concepts- formal concepts that can be clearly defined by a set of rules Natural concepts- casual or fuzzy concepts that do not have a precise set of properties, automobiles Reasoning Inductive- from specific to general Deductive- from general to specific Problem Solving Trial and error- simplest strategy, inefficient Algorithms- step by step procedure that guarantees a solution, can take a really long time, proofs in math Heuristics- a mental shortcut or rule of thumb Insight- the solutions seems to appear to us out of mid air Errors in problem solving Sometimes the problem in problem solving doesn’t have to do with the problem itself but...
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- Fall '06
- representative, weird things, concepts formal concepts, error simplest strategy, real weird things