Lecture 13 - 03:11

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03:11 Personality- enduring and distinctive thoughts, emotions, and behaviors that  characterize the way an individual adapts to the world Questions of personality: How do we define the dimensions of personality How can we measure personality? Sigmund Freud- psychoanalysis Studied with Charcot, hypnosis to cure conversion disorder- physical disorders that  people had but didn’t have physical basis for cause, thought to have psychological  basis, used hypnosis to cure conversion disorders Breuer’s “talking cure” for conversion disorders- if you encourage people to talk about  things they would eventually come to whatever the emotional trauma was that was  underlying their disorder, emotional reaction would lead to resolution Freud’s theory Early childhood conflicts have lasting effects- he noticed that there was often a  connection between how they were behaving now and things that happened to them in  their early childhood Personality is largely shaped by unconscious forces- various aspects of our mind that  we are unaware of, felt that much of our behavior driven by these aspects Eros-life instinct, drive for life, for sexual behavior Thanatos- death instinct, desire to return to the calm quiet (dead), this because the drive  for aggression and violence 3 different structures that make up the mind Id- most primitive, part of personality that we are born with, drives for           pleasure, operates on the “pleasure principle”, just wants gratification and             wants it now, source of the libido (psychic energy) Ego- operates on the “reality principle” trying to satisfy the impulses of the id            in ways that are acceptable, attempts to balance competing demands from           the id and the superego Superego- very rigid and moralistic, motivates us to behave in a moral           fashion, and was composed of 2 pieces- the ego ideal or what we should be,     
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       and the conscience or how we should behave Psychosexual development- Erogenous zones, failure to resolve conflicts at each of the  developmental stages results in fixation, when the conflict is resolved we move on to the  next stage of development Oral stage- from birth to 12/18 months, pleasure comes from the mouth, breastfeeding 
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This note was uploaded on 02/18/2012 for the course PSYCH 202 taught by Professor Roberts during the Fall '06 term at Wisconsin.

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Lecture 13 - 03:11

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